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In the latest issue of IGPA's Policy Forum, Kristin Abner, Rachel A. Gordon, Sanders Korenman, and Robert Kaestner discuss the effectiveness of food subsidy programs for child care organizations.
In the latest issue of IGPA's Policy Forum, scholars Cedric Herring and Loren Henderson examine Chicago's Minority and Women's Business Enterprise Program and discrimination in business credit markets.
In general, green taxes are taxes either directly on pollution emissions or on goods whose use causes pollution. In the revenue-raising context, the basic argument for green taxes can be summarized by the adage: “tax waste, not work.” Taxes on labor income discourage workers from engaging in productive activities, and thus hurt society. Taxing waste, by contrast, discourages harmful pollution, and thus benefits society. In addition, the revenue raised from these green taxes can help mitigate the state’s fiscal crisis.
Perhaps the most profound demographic trend over the last three decades has been the rapid growth in the immigrant population: the rise in the number of foreigners living in the U.S. is transforming communities, politics, and the economy. While overshadowed to some extent by debates over healthcare, the financial meltdown, and the Great Recession, immigration policy continues to be a highly contentious issue that cuts across traditional party lines and ideologies.
The Medicare Modernization Act became law in 2003, creating a prescription drug benefit for the elderly called Medicare Part D. At the time of its passage, approximately one-third of seniors did not have prescription drug coverage, leaving them prone to financial and medical hardships. About half of those without prescription drug insurance incurred out-of-pocket spending of $1,200 or more per year. Uninsured patients were also more likely to forego buying essential medications.
In an effort to solve two problems at once, governments at all levels have been looking to “green investment” proposals, intended simultaneously to produce economic growth and reduce environmental problems.
Family life and employment success are closely interrelated. The ability to maintain employment can be dependent upon family support, and families with two employed adults have increased economic stability and less dependence on government assistance programs. It is surprising, then, that traditional government policies and programs have overlooked these associations.
Whether minimum-wage policies are more or less effective than other policies to support families’ incomes has been the subject of debate for several
decades. Advantages of the minimum wage are its philosophical appeal and its relative simplicity of implementation.
At various times advocates, politicians, policy analysts, and concerned citizens have recommended reforms of state small-group and non-group (individual) health insurance markets. The early- to mid-1990s was a period in which health care issues rose to the top of federal and state agendas, and we appear to be entering another such period of acute interest in expanding health insurance coverage.
Policies for environmental protection have an impact on the lives of all U.S. citizens by regulating pollution, imposing costs, and influencing economic decisions. The latest edition of "Policy Forum" looks at how regulations on greenhouse gas emissions affect residents of the nation and of Illinois, including the possibility of effects that vary by income group.